The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments in the United States Army composed primarily of African-American (colored) soldiers. They were first recruited during the American Civil War, and by the end of that war in April, 1865, the 175 USCT regiments constituted about one-tenth of the manpower of the Union Army; comprising almost 180,000 men. The USCT was the precursor to the Buffalo Soldier regiments in the American Old West. The Confiscation Act The U.S. Congress passed the Confiscation Act of 1862 in July 1862. It freed slaves whose owners were in rebellion against the United States, and Militia Act of 1862 empowered the President to use freed slaves in any capacity in the army. President Abraham Lincoln was concerned with public opinion in the four border states that remained in the Union, as they had numerous slaveholders, as well as with northern Democrats who supported the war but were less supportive of abolition than many northern Republicans. Lincoln opposed early efforts to recruit black soldiers, although he accepted the Army's using them as paid workers. Native American also played a significant role in the colored regiments of the American Civil War. Learn more here: Black Soldiers in the Civil War My Fam: U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 Name: Richard Alford (3rd Great Grandfather-Paternal) Side: Union Regiment State/Origin: U.S. Colored Troops Regiment: 69th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry Company: E Rank In: Private Rank Out: Private Film Number: M589 roll 1 Memorial: Part of the African American Civil War Memorial Plaque Number: C-78 Displayed As: Richard Alford Other Records: Learn More about this Regiment U.S., Colored Troops Military Service Records, 1863-1865 9th Regiment, United States Colored Heavy Artillery Tom Alford (2nd Great Grandfather - Paternal) Age 25 Estimated Birth Year abt 1839 Birth Location Alabama Enlistment Date 25 Sep 1864 Branch of Service 9th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery Enclosures 8 Let's show them love today with all this Confederate mess going on.