White liberal turning his back? "Why liberals should let California’s affirmative-action ban stand"

Discussion in 'Higher Learning' started by ThreeLetterAgency, Mar 19, 2014.

  1. śïñe•qúå_nøn

    śïñe•qúå_nøn The Original Hall of Shame Supporter WOAT

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    http://www.slate.com/articles/news_...iberals_should_let_it_stand.single.html?print

    No Longer Black and White

    180
    Why liberals should let California’s affirmative-action ban stand.
    By Richard D. Kahlenberg


    [​IMG]
    Students hang out on the steps of Doe Library at UC–Berkeley. The university has used socioeconomic factors to boost diversity over the past 18 years without affirmative action.
    Courtesy of John Morgan/Flickr

    More than 500 Chinese-Americans angrily protested recently in the rain, outside the offices of California State Assembly member Ed Chau. They were upset about a new effort to repeal California’s ban on affirmative action in university admissions.

    In 1996, California voters passed Proposition 209, the hot-button referendum that barred the consideration of race in public university admissions. At the time supporters, led by businessman Ward Connerly, argued that racial preferences were wrong and that individuals should be judged without regard to skin color. Critics responded that society is not colorblind, and barring universities from considering race would lead to a decline in African-American and Latino representation at elite campuses such as UC–Berkeley and UCLA.

    The numbers did drop, and in response, state Sen. Ed Hernandez, a leader in California’s growing Latino population, introduced Senate Constitutional Amendment No. 5 (SCA5) to put to voters a repeal of the 1996 ban on racial preferences. Hernandez argued: “A blanket prohibition on consideration of race was a mistake in 1996, and we are still suffering the consequences from the initiative today. You cannot address inequality by refusing to acknowledge it.” Another supporter of repeal, state Sen. Ben Hueso, suggested, “Prop. 209 creates a barrier for people of color to access higher education.”

    On the power of these arguments, SCA 5 sailed through the State Senate earlier this year. But now that the legislation is in the Assembly, Asian-Americans are organizing against it. Under Prop. 209, Asian-Americans have been overrepresented at the University of California, so many community members worry that they would be hurt by its repeal. Meanwhile, supporters of repeal think they have a decent shot of winning because of the explosive growth of Latino voters. Welcome to the current politics of affirmative action, which are far more complicated than black vs. white.

    found, these strategies were able to help colleges meet or exceed the levels of African-American and Latino representation they’d achieved in the past with racial preferences.

    UCLA and UC–Berkeley were two of the exceptions, however. Many liberals understandably support repealing 209 in California to make those universities more racially and ethnically inclusive. But lifting the ban is a bad idea for two reasons.

    First, under Prop. 209 California has adopted a whole host of terrific measures to boost racial diversity indirectly, mostly by looking at socioeconomic status. Schools have reduced their reliance on standardized test scores for admissions, banned legacy preferences for the children of alumni, encouraged more community-college transfers to four-year institutions, and created new outreach programs to high-poverty high schools. In part because of these efforts, UCLA and UC–Berkeley are far more socioeconomically diverse than most selective colleges. In 2011–12, theproportion of students eligible for Pell grants (federal financial aid for lower-income students) at UCLA was 38 percent and at Berkeley 37 percent, compared with just 13 percent at another top public institution, the University of Virginia.

    These steps helped accomplish what education is supposed to do—promote social mobility. But they are likely to disappear if universities can go back to recruiting by race. Prestige-conscious universities receive no points from the U.S. News & World Report rankings for admitting low-income students. They’re actually “diverting” funding from things that will boost rankings.

    That helps explain why most universities create racial diversity by recruiting fairly advantaged students of all colors. Indeed, one study found that 86 percent of African-Americans at selective colleges were middle- or upper-class, while the white students were even richer. To their credit, universities care about racial diversity, perhaps because the lack of it is visible. But they generally do not aggressively pursuesocioeconomic diversity except where race has been taken off the table and recruiting low-income students is the next best way to achieve racial diversity.

    The second major reason that liberals should be concerned about a return of racial preferences is the one raised by the Chinese-American protesters: The shift would hurt Asian-Americans, who have suffered their own history of discrimination. Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders constituted 14 percent of California high-school graduates in 2011–12, but 42 percent of UC freshmen and 49 percent of freshmen at UC–Berkeley in 2012. One Asian-American group has compared the proposed repeal of 209 to “a ‘Yellow Peril Act,’ a 21st century version of the ‘Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.’” This rhetoric seems overheated, as the principal goal is to expand access to black and Latino students. Still, restoring racial preferences would undoubtedly drive down Asian numbers. (White students made up 31 percent of California’s high-school graduates in 2011–12, but only 24 percent of students in the UC system and 25 percent at UC–Berkeley in 2012.)

    Top Comment

    I don't understand how any of these things would be enforceable anyway. Do we have a set level of darkness of skin that a person must match before being considered? 180 CommentsJoin In

    So if SCA5 is not the right answer, what is? How can California’s important gains for socioeconomic diversity be coupled with stronger representation of black and Latino students? One step would be to improve the state’s class-based affirmative action program by considering the net wealth of an applicant’s family, as opposed to only income. Coming from a low-wealth family is a real disadvantage in life, so students who perform well academically despite that obstacle are deserving of special consideration. Moreover, because wealth, unlike income, is handed down over generations, looking at net wealth helps capture the country’s history of slavery and segregation and will especially benefit African-Americans. Eighteen years after California became the first state to ban racial preferences, it should resist the urge to become the first to reinstate them. The state has better options.

    Correction, March 12, 2014: A previous version of the caption on this article misstated where the students in the photograph are sitting. They're on the steps of Doe Library, not Sproul Hall.
     
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  2. śïñe•qúå_nøn

    śïñe•qúå_nøn The Original Hall of Shame Supporter WOAT

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    Heres the author:


    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Kahlenberg

    [​IMG]

    Richard Kahlenberg
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Richard D. Kahlenberg is a senior fellow at The Century Foundation, where he writes about a variety of education issues. He has been called “the intellectual father of the economic integration movement” in K-12 schooling,[1] and “arguably the nation's chief proponent of class-based affirmative action in higher education admissions.” [2] He is also an authority on teachers’ unions, privateschool vouchers, charter schools, turnaround school efforts, and inequality in higher education.

    He is the author of five books: Why Labor Organizing Should Be a Civil Right: Rebuilding a Middle-Class Democracy by Enhancing Worker Voice (with Moshe Marvit) (Century Foundation Press, 2012); Tough Liberal: Albert Shanker and the Battles Over Schools, Unions, Race and Democracy (Columbia University Press, 2007); All Together Now: Creating Middle Class Schools through Public School Choice (Brookings Institution Press, 2001); The Remedy: Class, Race, and Affirmative Action (Basic Books, 1996); and Broken Contract: A Memoir of Harvard Law School (Hill & Wang/Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1992.)

    In addition, Kahlenberg is the editor of eight Century Foundation books: The Future of School Integration: Socioeconomic Diversity as an Education Reform Strategy (2012); Affirmative Action for the Rich: Legacy Preferences in College Admissions (2010); Rewarding Strivers: Helping Low-Income Students Succeed in College (2010); Improving on No Child Left Behind: Getting Education Reform Back on Track (2008); America’s Untapped Resource: Low-Income Students in Higher Education (2004); Public School Choice vs. Private School Vouchers (2003); Divided We Fail: Coming Together Through Public School Choice. The Report of The Century Foundation Task Force on the Common School, Chaired by Lowell Weicker (Executive Director) (2002); and A Notion at Risk: Preserving Public Education as an Engine for Social Mobility (2000).

    Kahlenberg's articles have been published in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, The New Republic, and elsewhere. He has appeared on ABC, CBS, CNN, FOX,C-SPAN, MSNBC, and NPR.

    Previously, Kahlenberg was a Fellow at the Center for National Policy, a visiting associate professor of constitutional law at George Washington University, and a legislative assistant to Senator Charles S. Robb (D-VA). He is also a nonresident senior fellow at Education Sector and serves on the advisory board of the Pell Institute. He graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College and cum laude from Harvard Law School. Between college and law school, he spent a year at the University of Nairobi School of Journalism as a Rotary Scholar.
     
  3. superunknown23

    superunknown23 Superstar

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    Affirmative action is a White vs Asian thing in Cali now anyway... and Asians are being restricted despite scoring higher test scores than whites.
    Blacks have been completely phased out. At UCLA, 70 percent of black students are athletes :wow:
     
    Last edited: Mar 20, 2014
  4. Digga38

    Digga38 The seperation between what's fake and what's real

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    just more of the choosen tribe laying out murica academic future
     
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  5. twotimes

    twotimes what was when

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    UC Berkeley is not only dominated by Asian-Americans, but the majority of the food places and small grocery stores in a 2-3 mile radius around the campus are owned by Asian-Americans so the opposition is going to get worse and probably have a huge impact on the vote.
     
  6. Street Knowledge

    Street Knowledge Superstar Supporter

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    White women :win: Off AA
     
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  7. ORDER_66

    ORDER_66 The Ningen Screenplay, & Messiah 2019

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    Them white people shaking in their fukking boots of course the writer of the article is white when wanting to level the playing field to see who's the best. white people are afraid because them asians are killing it with the test scores...
     
  8. superunknown23

    superunknown23 Superstar

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    They've always been the biggest beneficiaries :yeshrug:
     
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  9. DrX

    DrX Coming For The Crown (Japanese Dreaming) Supporter

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    good....black ppl need to work together and build our own shyt anyway


    as far as w's go........welcome to the real america, the america which u cant hide behind ur skin anymore
     
  10. ThatTruth777

    ThatTruth777 Superstar

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    :laugh: this shyt is so weird, any other day it would be;

    "those negroes and other colorful minorities are taking away my spot in such and such place all because of that fukking affirmative action, [insert racial slur] I hate em so much, fukking dammit! :wow:"



    but now its on some;
    "hey.. listen.. listen I believe everybody should get a equal shot :jawalrus: and be given the opportunity to prove the.. the content of their character and not the skin color :troll: and so to alleviate the gaps in achievement and racial divides in our minds how about we reinstate affirmative action you guise :unsure:... you guys... why isn't anybody listening.. hey black people! those asians are trying to keep you from getting AA!... :troll:"
     
  11. superunknown23

    superunknown23 Superstar

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    This is affirmative action for whites... but watch them use a different name for it. :stopitslime:
     
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