Let's Talk African History: The Igbo in the Atlantic World

The Odum of Ala Igbo

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I’ve read that many Igbos committed suicide as they believed their body would return to Africa..is this factual?

Suicide is an abomination in Igboland. But yes, the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade was so brutal, that Igbos went against their sacred vows.

Perhaps, since they were in foreign lands suicide became more acceptable. After all, they would not be polluting the earth (Ala) of Igboland. Rather, they'd be polluting a foreign soil of which they had no sacred obligation.
 

BigMan

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Suicide is an abomination in Igboland. But yes, the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade was so brutal, that Igbos went against their sacred vows.

Perhaps, since they were in foreign lands suicide became more acceptable. After all, they would not be polluting the earth (Ala) of Igboland. Rather, they'd be polluting a foreign soil of which they had no sacred obligation.
I’ve seen several sources saying Igbos were especially prone to suicide and running away and planters didn’t want them because of it:jbhmm:
Also read that many Igbos that were sent to Jamaica ended up being sent to Central America and the Spanish Caribbean :jbhmm:
 

The Odum of Ala Igbo

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I’ve seen several sources saying Igbos were especially prone to suicide and running away and planters didn’t want them because of it:jbhmm:
Also read that many Igbos that were sent to Jamaica ended up being sent to Central America and the Spanish Caribbean :jbhmm:

That was the narrative Eurocacs spun. There's probably some verity to it.
 

BigMan

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That's true.
Here's a couple of links about the ethnic groups of the runaway slaves
Jamaica (18th Century / 1718-1795 ): 740 advertisements; 4,150 runaway slaves
Jamaica (19th Century / 1810-1817): 133 advertisements; 3,278 runaway slaves


That's true. However most Igbo (and SE Nigerian ethnic groups) were very much part of Jamaica slaves and contributed significantly to the formation of us Jamaicans. :blessed:
:blessed:Ghana + Nigeria + Congo
and China and India and Britain
= Jamaica
 

The Odum of Ala Igbo

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PRE-COLONIAL IGBO IDENTITY @Theorem

Raphael Chijioke Njoku, "The Making of Igbo Ethnicity in the Nigerian Setting
Indeed, the ample evidence of the autobiography of Igbo-born ex-slave Olaudah Equiano, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, first published in 1789, provides historians with the earliest attempt, in the modern era, to articulate and contest a sense of Igbo identity as opposed to the "other" - or what Equiano qualified as "primitive Europe." Equiano's graphic and prideful description of his "Eboe" (i.e. Igbo) life and customs in the eighteenth century mirrors similar accounts by Archibald Monteith, an Igbo-born "Aniaso" in 1799 and enslaved in Jamaica from around 1802. Similar mentions of the Igbo or Heebo (as it appeared in the early slave trade) as a cultural group exist in documented memoirs of early European visitors to the Bight of Benin and Biafra. Both Duarte Pacheco Pereira, a fifteenth century Portuguese sea captain and geographer and John Grazilhier, who made a voyage to Old Calbar in 1699, wrote about the "Hakbous [Igbos] Blacks" in their separate memoirs.
 

The Odum of Ala Igbo

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SHAMING IN SONG
Songs fulfill various purposes for the Igbo and other West Africans. They serve as a mnemonic devices; they teach, test and store information; relay history; instill pride and solidarity; comment on local news and provide a medium for thinking through ideas; and critique local action and personages. Singing is frequently coextensive with dance and not many songs are performed in an immobile position.

In his discussion of Igede song texts, Ogede saw the breadth of discourse enjoyed by the Ihih women's association of the Igede and refers to "the widespread phenomenon in many parts of Africa where criticism is tolerated in song where it would not be tolerated elsewhere...

For transplanted Africans in the Caribbean, the annual Saturnalia provided the appropriate occasion for dances and songs that focused on local news and scandals. Edwwards noted that Jamaican slaves possessed oratorical gifts, a "talent of ridicule and derision, which is exercised not only against each other but also not infrequently at the expense of their owner or employer"

Igbo shaming Rochas Okorocha, Governor in Imo State, Nigeria


Possible Link to Jamaican Toasting/Oral Song Making Traditions?
 

BigMan

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""talent of ridicule and derision, which is exercised not only against each other but also not infrequently at the expense of their owner or employer""
roasting African in origin huh:sas2:?
 

The Odum of Ala Igbo

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""talent of ridicule and derision, which is exercised not only against each other but also not infrequently at the expense of their owner or employer""
roasting African in origin huh:sas2:?

African cultures have their traditions of "roasting".

The Masquerade of the Afikpo Igbo has:
a humorous and satiric calypso-like adult performance...where a variety of masquerades sang and acted out humorous and scurrilous events that had occurred in the community within the past year. The masquerades impersonate and named individuals, ridiculing them, often making moral comments on their behaviour."

 
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